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 The life Of  Bhagavan Parswanath   - Prof. A. Chakravarti

    In Bharathakshetra in the country of Kasi whose capital city was Varnashi, there was a ruling king by name Visvasena Maharaja. He belonged to Ugra Vamsa. He was of Kashyapa gothra. His queen was Brahmi. The Deva Anatendra after enjoying his swarga happiness for the allotted period was to be born as a son to this Viswasena Maharaja. The Devas became aware of this happy event that a divine child would be born to these parents. They in order to celebrate this happy event, showered golden jewels over the city. The queen had an unusual dream indicating the birth of a divine baby. After nine months, the queen gave birth to a son who would be the future Thirthankara. This was in the year 1039 B.C. As soon as the child was born, Devas assembled there and celebrated the birth ceremony of the divine child. The child was given the name, Parswanathaswami. This was 3,750 years after the Nirvana of Bhagavan Arishtanemi. This Parswa Bhagavan’s body was of light blue colour. His period of life would be 100 years. This prince Parswa attended by the Devas grew to the age of 16 years. One day, he entered a park in a forest near the city in order to have a happy sport with his friends.
There was a king by name Mahipala who was ruling in the city of Mahipalapura.This Mahipala was the maternal grandfather of Parswa. When he lost his queen he renounced the kingdom and adopted ascetic life. He began his practice of austerity surrounded by five fires. When prince Parswa entered the forest, he passed his grandfather without noticing him. So he was offended very much and became wrathful. He thought that prince Parswa, his own grandson, was very proud and so conceited that he did not recognize and respect his own grandfather. He went with an axe to cut a tree nearby for firewood to feed the fire around. 


   Prince Parswa noticing this warned this false ascetic Mahipala that there were living two snakes in a hole of the tree which he was cutting. Hence he was asked not to cut the tree because it would kill the snakes. But his advice was not taken and he was going on cutting the tree. As a result of this thoughtless act, the snakes hidden in the tree were cut by the axe. When the prince Parswa saw the snake dying, he out of love and mercy, pronounced before them the Panchanamaskara Mantra. Hearing this holy mantra, the snakes died and were born as Nagadeva – Dharanendra and his queen Padmavathi.
  Then the prince Parswa addressed his grandfather, the false ascetic as follows: “Your practice of Thapas in the in the midst of five fires is practically useless not promoting your spiritual welfare. Now you have seen how it had resulted in cruel destruction of the living beings. If you realize that the fire that surrounds you is merely the death trap for so many insects, then you will understand that your practice of austerity is absolutely useless to promote moral and spiritual development in you. You better give up this useless practice.” The ascetic because of his intrinsic hatred of the prince Parswa, did not accept his advice. He hated the prince’s advice. With this disturbed emotion, he died and was born as Deva by name Sambara.
Thus Lord Paraswa grew in happy circumstances till he was 30 years. One day, he heard the king Devasena of Sakethapura was celebrating the glory of Rishabha Thirthankara. Now he spurned the royal glory and became an ascetic and finally realized the Omniscient self. The young Parswa was very much influenced by his life. He too wanted to renounce the world and adopt asceticism. At the same time, Devas appeared there and carried him in a palanquin to the near by Thapovana, the forest where he had to continue his spiritual discipline or Thapas. Thus the Devas celebrated the Dhiksha Kalyana of the Lord. There Parswa was engaged in yogic contemplation.  While he was thus absorbed in yogic contemplation, Sambardeva was passing along that place in his aerial vehicle. When the vehicle was just passing over the yogi, it did not move. He looked down and saw there his enemy engaged in yogic contemplation. His intrinsic was roused. He wanted to destroy the yogi. He hurled at him various weapons. He cast thunder and rain over him. He cast the rain of fire. He hurled rocks over him. Thus, he continued the attack for nearly a week. Leaning the awful situation in which the Bhagavan  Parswa was subjected to various cruel attacks. Dharanendra appeared there and protected the body of the Lord by spreading his thousand hoods over him. The weapons aimed at by Sambras (his brother and traditional enemy) all fell as flowers at the feet of the Lord. He realized how effect less were these weapons. Undistrubed by all these attacks, the Lord continued his contemplation till he realized his infinite qualities of Ananta Gyana, Ananta Dharsana, Ananta Virya and Ananta Sukha. He became the Omniscient Arahant. Immediately Devendras learnt that the Lord became endowed with Kevalagyana. Then they provided the Lord with Samavasarana, the glorious thing indicative the spiritual perfection. Thus they celebrated the fourth Mahakalyana of the appearance of the Omniscience.
When his enemy wanted all these celebrations by the Devas, he realized how small he was before the Lord and how great was the glory of Dharma, which the Lord represented. He gave up his wrath. He became humble. He approached the Lord with humility. he offered himself as his genuine devotees of the great Dharma. Thus he became a devoted follower of Ahimsa Dharma and a worshiper of Lord Paraswanatha.
After realizing Arihanta stage, Lord Parswa spent 69 years 0 months in preaching the Dharma to all people and in all places. Finally, he spent one month in the summit of Sammedagiri engaged in yogic contemplation. With the help of Sukla Dyana, or the white contemplation, the remaining four Akhati Karmas were also destroyed. His body was cast away. The perfected soul attained the pure Sidhahood. Thus he attained Nirvana, the state of infinite immortal bliss of spiritual sovereignty over the three worlds. The Devas celebrated the last Parinirvana Kalyana. This was the year 939 B.C. i.e. 100 years after the birth of  Lord Parswa.  


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