Mahavir Jayanti 2016
Bhagavân Mahavira (श्रीमहावीर)
Mahavir Jayanti being celebrated this year on April 19, 2016 to commemorate the birth anniversary of
Bhagavân Mahavira (श्रीमहावीर)
, the 24th and last Jain Tirthankara. Baghwan Mahavira's birthday is celebrated as Mahavir Jayanti, the most important
religious festival of Jains around the world. Mahavir Jayanti is celebrated with prayers, decorations, processions and festivity.
The two sects namely the Digambaras and the Swetambaras have slightly different stories of Lord
Mahavira. According to the Digambar school of Jainism, Lord Mahavir was born in the year 615 BC, but the
Swetambaras believe that he was born in 599 BC. Some 2500 years ago, Vaisali (modern Basarh, some 45-kms. to the north of Patna) was
a prosperous capital. A suburb of it was called Kundalapura or Ksatriyakunda; and here in the palace of king siddhartha, of his
queen Trisala or Priyakarini, Mahavira was born: to emphasise his various outstanding traits. It is said that mother Trishala
had sixteen auspicious dreams (Dreams of Mother Trishala )
before the child was born. He was also known as Jnata-putra, Vaisaliya, Vardhamana, Sanmati, etc.
His mother belonged to the family of Cetaka, the mighty Licchavi ruler of Videha at whose call Licchavis and Mallas co-operated both for defense and offence. Tradition is not unanimous
about his marriage: according to the one, he was a celibate throughout; while according to another, he married Yasoda and had a
daughter called Priyadarsana. As a prince having excellent connections with ruling dynasties of his times, it was expected of
him to rule with authority and enjoy the pleasures of a prosperous career after his father.
Just at the age of 30, Mahavira decided like a hero to relinquish the comforts of a princely life and undertook the
life of an ascetic with a view to attaining spiritual happiness, and thus place before the world the correct values of life and an
example of his having solved its problems in a successful manner. Attachment and possessive instincts have been the greatest obstacles
in the attainment of spiritual peace and purification; and he gave them up in an ideal manner. Physical comforts are not an end in
themselves; and Mahavira became a nirgrantha, and went about practicing severe penances, even without any clothes on his body.
The description of his hardships given in detail in the Acaranga, etc.: people abused
him, boys pelted him with stones, and thus he was subjected to many calamities in the Eastern part of Bengal. After twelve years of
rigorous penances, Mahavira had a triumph over physical weaknesses and limitations; and he attained pure and perfect knowledge, which
transcended the limits of space and time: he became a kevalin, a sarvajna.
Mahavir Jayanti is largely observed by the Jains, throughout the world by visiting sacred sites and worshipping the Tirthankara. There are celebrations in all Jain
temples (derasar) and pilgrimages to Jain shrines. Vyakhan or religious lectures are given by Munis (religious men) to remind their followers of the path of dharma. The festival attracts pilgrims from all
parts of the country to the ancient Jain shrines. This festival, connected with the great auspicious event of the birth of Lord Mahavira is celebrated with great pomp and enthusiasm by all sects
of jains Digambar and Swetambra. Processions are taken out, meetings are held and the message of Mahavira is explained to all.
Different jain organisations of all sects , Jain institutions throughout world celebrate Bhagavan Mahavira Jayanti with seminars, prayers in temples and exhibits Jhankis with
band and music party. The procession of Baghavan Mahavira on Mahavir Jayanti in Kolkata mahanagar starts from Naya Mandir every year.
Mahavira and Jain dharma
तीर्थंकर महावीर (Hindi]
श्रीमहावीर जिन पूजा