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Lord Mahavira nirvana

  Lord Mahavira's Nirvana

Having attained omniscience (Kevala-jnana) on the bank of Rju-kula and after preaching the principle of Jainism through his divine voice (divya-dhvani), lard Mahavira toured over different areas of the country and propounded the religious doctrines. Afterwards he reached Pavapura and seated himself on a clan or pure slab of stone in a park studded with many ponds. He did not move out for two days; and plunged in pure meditation (sukla-dhyana) he quitted the mortal coil and became a Siddha in the last quarter of the night of the 14th day of the black half of the month of Kartika. This is graphically described in the Maha-purna of Puspadanta (3, 1-2)

 Slok of Maha-purna of Puspadanta

The Uttara-purana too describe this episode (76, 508-12)  For these references it is clear that Lord Mahavira attained nirvana in a park, near Pavapura, round about which there were many pounds or lakes.

At present the site of the nirvana of Mahavira is accepted near Bihar-Sherif   where a magnifificent Jaina temple stands in the centre of a big lake. This is accepted as the tirtha-ksetra on all hands. Both the sects, Digambra and Svetambra, have voluntarily accepted this place as the spot of the nirvana of Mahavira.

    Lord Maha Vira 


In Uttara-puraana written by Acharya GunBhadra (7th or 8th century) it is mentioned that in the month of Kartika, krashna paksha, svati nakshatra and on the night of the 14th (dawn of the amavasya), lord. Mahavira became a Siddha (attained nirvana). An ancient mention of Lord Mahavira's nirvana and lightening of lamps  occurs in Kalpasutra of BhadraBahu, v. 123, "When Lord Mahavira came to Madhyam Pava for his last varshavas, it was the fourth month of the rainy season, seventh paksha, and krashna of kartik. It was then the last day of krashna of kartik.That night Lord Mahavira attained nirvana." Kalpasutra mentions that due to the presense of gods, the night was  illuminated. It further says "that On the amavasya night, 16 gana-kings, 9 Malla and 9 Lichchhavi, of Kasi and Kosal, illuminted their doors. They said: "The light of    knowledge is gone, we will make light of ordinary matter".

Bhagavan Mahavira  discarded the body and the bondage of all Karmas on that night of Diwali, at Pavapuri and attained Mukti or deliverance. Thus we have been celebrating Diwali with lights since the nirvana of Lord Mahavira.




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