Analysis of Tattvārthādhigama Sūtra Ė
The contents of the
10 chapters as related to aphorisms to aphorisms may be roughly summarized as under.
The first deals with
the path leading to liberation, the definitions and divisions of
right faith and its subject-matter, the seven Tattvas,
the four connotative Nikshepas or the aspects of the
aspects of considering an object, the various kinds of knowledge and
the mode of knowing and seven fundamental stand-points known as the Nayas.
The second gives an
account of the characteristics of Ātman or the
soul, the 53 types of Aupaśamika Bhāva, the
classification of Samsārins or the embodied
souls, thier organs, bodies and life-periods.
The third deals with
the seven hells, the troubles and turmoilís experienced by their
denizens, the description of the human world and the classifications
of the Tiryachs or the sub-human souls.
furnishes us with an information about the types of gods or the
celestials and their functions, and the maximum and minimum limits
of a life-period or Āyushya of living beings.
has for its subject-matter Ajiva or the non-soul along
with its divisions, and the definitions of Dravya or
deals at length with the activities of the embodied soul giving rise
to the channels through which the Kārmika particles
flow into the embodied soul.
deals with vows, their kinds and partial transgressions.
gives an account of the binding of the soul or the amalgamation of
the Kārmika matter with the imperfect soul.
discusses the ways and the modes of stopping the flow of the Kārmika
particles either partially or entirely and of shedding of
such particles previously amalgamated.
treats of Moksha or salvation and the liberated and
From this it appears
that the pure soul is dealt with in the 10th, the
non-soul in the 5th and the embodies soul in the rest of
the chapters which may be looked upon as auxiliary to the 5th
and the last.
Furthermore, it may
be remarked that these aphorisms deal with different branches of
science in its widest sense.