Brief History of Chittor:
Bappa Rawal established Chittor in early 8th century. In 1290 AD Alauddin Khilji the Turk ruler of Delhi heard about Rani
Padmini, the queen of Chittor and the wife of Ratan Singh. She was most beuitiful women at that time.He wanted to marry Padmini but no Rajput would tolerate that. When Khilji met with a refusal he laid siege to Chittor in
1290AD, but he was defeated by brave rajputs. In 1303 AD Alauddin Khilji besieged Chittor again. As the final assault on Alauddin Khilji's forces was being put into action, the women of Chittor
including Padmini entered a subterranean chamber and immolated themselves in one of the largest jauhars in the history of India. Hamir and
Khaitsi, Hamir’s son, Rathores ruled the Chittor long time.
By 1496 Mewar had shaken off the spell of Muslim rule and had taken the Sultan of Delhi captive in a battle on the plains of Malwa
by Rana Khumba, that valiant Rajput who built a total of 32 out of the 84 forts erected to defend Mewar. The great Rajput Rana Sanga the ruler of mewar was defeted by Mughal Empror Babur in 1528.
Bahadur Shah, the Sultan of Gujarat, attacked on Chittor in 1532. Bahadur Shah entered Chittor, but all he found was death all around.
32,000 Rajputs had died.From Chittor a rakhi was despatched by queen Karnavati to the Emperor of Hindustan, Humayun. Humayun responded immediately and set out from Bengal.
But the distance was too great, and by the time he approached Chittor had fallen. Humayun was true to the power of the rakhi and it is believed that he felt honored that a Rajput queen had chosen him as a brother.
In Chittor nurse Panna sacrifice will also be remebered to protect child prince Udaisigh from cruel hands of Banbir. According to chronicles in Akbar’s time, there was just one attack on Chittor by Mughal forces.
Another jauhar was prepared, and as the women lept into the raging flames their husbands, nephews, uncles and fathers rode out in the saffron robes which heralded death in battle.
32,000 Rajputs had been killed, and 13,000 of their women had chosen death by fire. The Mughal army had incurred losses too, and Akbar was furious that the siege had taken so long (October 20, 1567 to February 23, 1568) and had
resulted in the deaths of so many. He had the gates to Chittor removed and taken to Delhi along with two massive nagaras (drums) used to announce the departure and arrival of Chittor
princes. A huge candelabra from the Kallika Mata temple was also removed and taken to Agra. Chittor was razed to the ground so much so that two centuries later it became the haunt of wild animals. After Chittor fell, other
Rajput rulers submitted to Mughal rule.